Guide : Mick Richardson
Author : Mick Richardson
Collection day - April 7th - Marrakech.
We then later made our way back to the hotel, picking up more Common Bulbul, Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica and Little Swift Apus affinis.
The morning started with our group all heading into Marrakech with Tarik and Benhamid Abbes a Guide for a tour of the city. The group returned to the hotel at around 12:30 and we all the set off for lunch at a small fish restaurant in the back streets of the city where we had a plate of mixed fried fish which went down well.
We then set off up the mountains towards the ski resort at Oukalmeden, on the drive up the mountains we saw Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura, Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator, European Serin Serinus serinus, European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis, African Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs africana and a cracking male Moussier’s Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri. At the highest point of the drive above the resort Alpine Pyrrhocorax graculus and Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax were seen along with Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus, Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia, Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros and a couple of the uncommon Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris.
We were enjoying the birds whilst Tarik had met a fellow countryman and was spending his time sledging down what was left of the snow.
Down around the ski lifts we found a couple more Horned Larks, Rock Sparrow and both Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe and its North African subsp Seebohmi, which is split by many authorities including our own wheatear expert Peter Jones. Blue Rock Thrush, Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos, Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti, Common Raven Corvus corax, Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus and Common Magpie Pica pica were all added to the list on the way down the mountains towards Marrakech. Just as we approached the city several White Storks Ciconia ciconia and a couple more Ravens were seen soaring together.
Day 2 - April 9th - Marrakech to Ouarzazate.
Today we were making the 220km drive to Ouarzazate over the top of the high Atlas Mountains via the Tizi-n-Tichka pass.
On the way we stopped just out of the city on some waste ground where we picked up Rufous Bush Robin Cercotrichas galactotes, Spotless Starling Sturnus uniclor, Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur, Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus and Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra.
By mid morning we were well up in to the Atlas Mountains and we had seen our first Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus and Booted Eagles Aquila pennata of the trip on the climb up. We then made a stop for mint tea (Moroccan Whiskey) at a road side café. As soon as we were out on the balcony to the rear of the building we could hear the laughing cry of the Levaillant’s Green Woodpecker Picus vaillantii from the near by conifer trees. The bird was quickly found in the top of one of the larger trees and was then seen in flight as it flew down the valley away from us. Subalpine Warbler Sylvia Cantillans, African Blue Tit Cyanister teneriffae, Eurasian Kestrel, Serin and House Bunting Emberiza striolata were all seen during the tea stop. A few hundred yards further on another stop was made in some mixed woodland where a single Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes flew over (Guide only) and we could hear but could not see a couple of Bonelli’s Warblers Phylloscopus bonelli and a Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla in the Juniper Scrub. A Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinera walked around on the grass along the side of a very over grown spring. We pushed on and during the drive to restaurant Assanfou we picked Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus, Crested Lark Galerida cristata and a White Wagtail Motacilla alba. Whilst we had lunch several African Chaffinch were seen in the trees nearby. Once we had finished eating we all had a walk around some conifer trees across the stream. Here we saw Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis, Bonelli’s Warbler, Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita and Mistle Thrush. We then headed south and down out of the mountains and into the first of the rocky stone desert areas. We had a short walk out into a shallow wadi along the side of the road and picked up Desert Oenanthe deserti, Black-eared Oenanthe hispanica, Northern Oenanthe oenanthe and the first of many White-crowned Black Wheatears Oenanthe leucopyga and a single Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti. The day had flown by and we arrived at the hotel Riad-salam later than planned but every one was happy as we had seen some good birds and the views had been breathtaking through the mountains.
The rain we woke up to came as a bit of a surprise, but not daunted we headed south along the Draa Valley towards Zagora. Our first stop was at a river crossing with a small piece of woodland on its one bank. As we approached the river a single Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris flew quickly past.
In the woodland we picked up Serin, Woodchat Shrike, Common Chiffchaff, Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatris, male Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca, Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos, Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica, Bonelli’s Warbler, Blue Rock Thrush and Wryneck Jynx torquilla. I then started to walk back to Tarik in the vehicle, leaving the group watching the Wryneck; 50 yards on I picked up a pair of Ortolan Buntings Emberiza hortulana as they flew into the river. Unfortunately they had gone by the time we all gathered.
Just to the south of Agdz we parked off the main road on a track to our lunch stop at Kasbah Chez Yacob. Here we caught up with both Blue-cheeked Merops persicus and European Bee-eaters Merops apiaster both perched on the riverside vegetation. Next Hoopoe, Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis, Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava and the Moroccan subsp of White wagtail Motacilla alba subpersonata were all added to the day list.
Lunch was taken in a fantastic old Kasbah amongst the Palm trees, more Laughing Doves, Cetti’s Warbler and House Buntings were seen.
Back at the river Common and Pallid Swifts, Common Bulbul and Sand Martin Riparia riparia were all seen. We dodged several showers and made our way to a barrage (weir) where Little Egret Egretta garzetta was added. We also got some great views of a couple of Blue-cheeked Bee-eaters while they were perched in an acacia tree. Further south we stopped at a second barrage but it was very quiet mainly due to the time of the day. We did see several Turtle, Laughing and Collared Doves. As we were ahead of time and it was still looking like rain we made a stop at a road side wadi and had a stroll, one of the first birds which was unfortunately only seen by me was a cracking male Thick-billed Lark but as soon as I got the bird in the bins it flew and we did not relocate it. We did see a pair of Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis, Desert and Thekla Larks Galerida theklae, Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridonalis and White-crowned Black Wheatear.
Due to the weather we decided to make our way to the Kasbah Sirocco Hotel where the group could relax in the gardens where the evening meal was enjoyed.
Day 4 - April 11th - Zagora to Camp at Mhamid.
We made a leisurely start as the distance to travel was only 120KMs. Our first stop was at a point where the road crosses what would normally be a trickle of water passing down a large wide river bed. Following the recent rains we found a torrent which meant the waders we would usually see had no banks or gravel beds to feed on. We did see White-crowned Black Wheatear, Woodchat Shrike and Crested Lark. A diversion on to a new road which was still very much under construction produced the trips only Trumpeter Finches, three birds were seen but none stayed long, a single Hoopoe also played hard to get.
We then continued on to Mhamid for a very special lunch stop at Tarik’s house with his family and friends. We were made very welcome and ate very well, a very pleasant change from the normal stops.
After lunch we headed out into the desert area to the west of the town where we saw the first Brown Necked Ravens Corvus ruficollis and Hoopoe Larks Alaemon alaudipes of the trip, Many Woodchat Shrikes, Desert Lark, Eurasian Kestrel, Common Bulbul, Bonelli’s Warbler and Crested larks were also seen. The group decided that an early arrival at the camp would give them chance to settle in, so we made our way there. On arrival we were shown our nights accommodation and shown the much improved ablutions. Once we were all sorted we went for a very short walk to have a look at the very special flock of Desert Sparrows Passer simplex, the birds were feeding in a small basket of rubbish which was at the rear of the camp and coming to a dripping pipe to drink. More Brown-necked Ravens were seen and a couple of very confiding White Crowned Black Wheatears flew around scolding the camps cats.
Just as the sun went down we all walked out on to one of the dunes near the camp and watched the sunset. Once it was dark the stars could be admired, with no light pollution the sky was quite a sight.
Day 5 - April 12th - Camp at Mhamid to Zagora.
Again we made a relaxed start as the distance back to Zagora was short. We did a loop out into the desert seeing more Hoopoe Larks calling and doing their diver bombing display flight. At a fenced well area we picked up a group of 8 Brown Necked Ravens and a small flock of Desert Sparrows. Out in the stone desert we had good views of a flock of Bar-tailed Larks Ammomanes cincture a very pale attractive bird. As usual we had good numbers of White Crowned Black Wheatears but today they were joined by several Northerns. Tarik then made a command decision to take us off the road north and on to another of the tracks across the stone desert. The star bird of this drive was spotted by Ellen, 5 Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus moved out of cover on her side of the car as we admired a Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta in a nearby Acacia bush. The birds did not want to fly so we were treated to some of the best views of this species I had ever had.On the drive towards Zagora we picked up European Bee-eater, Crag Martin, Barn Swallow, House Bunting and Desert Lark.
Day 6 - April 13th - Zagora to Erford and Desert.
We stopped at Tansikht where we had a tea break and saw the first European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris, Serin, and House Sparrow.
We then drove without stopping except for lunch to the hotel Auberge Darkaoua on the way we saw more Blue-cheeked Bee-eaters, House Bunting, Black-eared Wheatear, Long-legged Buzzard, Common Blackbird and a Hoopoe.
On the drive up to the hotel a pair of very special birds were found, two Cream-coloured Coursers ran amongst the abundant vegetation (again due to the wet winter). We booked in and sorted out the rooms and asked Tarik to meet us for a late afternoon drive into the desert. Around the hotel grounds Reed Acrocephalus scirpaceus, Western Olivaceous Hippolais opaca and Melodious Warblers, Woodchat Shrike, Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Pied Flycatcher and Hoopoe were all added to the list.
Later Tarik drove us out into the desert once it had started to cool down, more Cream-colourer Courser’s were seen along with a brief flight view of a Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus, Hoopoe, Bar-tailed, Desert and Temminck’s Horned Larks Eremophila bilopha and Common Swift were all seen.
We returned to the Hotel and had a very pleasant evening meal in the gardens.
Day 8 - April 15th - Merzouga area.
We made our way back to the hotel to have the evening meal, on the approach we saw both Bee-eaters again.
Day 9 - April 16th - Erford to Boulmaine des Dades.
The next stop was in the gorge de Todra, on the way up we saw Cattle Egret, House Bunting and Barn Swallow. In the Gorge House Martin Delichon urbicum, Crag Martin, Grey and White Wagtails, House Bunting, Rock Pigeon and Pond Frog Rana perez were all seen.
We continued on and soon started to head into the rock deserts again. A few kms before Boulmaine we made a stop to look at a male Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens which performed on a large road side boulder for us. The hotel was the next stop where we sorted the rooms out and had a bit of a sort out before going out on to the Tagdilt Track for some more desert birding. Red-rumped Wheatears Oenanthe moesta were common, males in cracking plumage seemed to fly up from every group of rocks. Very good views were had of Temminck’s Horned, Desert, Hoopoe, Short-toed, Bar-tailed, Crested and Thekla Larks, Desert Wheatear and Long-legged Buzzard which showed well on the ground at close range. After quite a drive round we headed back to the hotel for a very pleasant meal.
Day 10 - April 17th - Boulmaine des Dades to Ouarzazate.
We started the day with a drive to a small cultivated area on the edge of the stone desert to the south of the hotel. Turtle Dove, Nightingale, Serin, Mistle Thrush, Woodchat Shrike, Thekla Lark and House Bunting were all seen well. Black-bellied Sandgrouse were heard but not located. We returned to the stone desert and picked up much the same birds as yesterday, also seen were Eurasian Kestrel, Tawny Pipit and 11 Black-bellied Sandgrouse which flew up from the track side and landed briefly close by but then moved further away and out of sight over a distant ridge. Many Fat Sand Rats Psammomys obesus were seen as they scampered between their tunnels.
The group then made the decision that they preferred the idea of a cultural afternoon in Ouarzazate so we drove pretty much straight there with just a brief stop at the lake to the east of the town. Here the only interest was several Great crested Grebes.
Tarik then took us to the old Kasbah where the group went for a visit. Later Mary Louise and Carlyn along with Tarik went to the Movie studios just outside the town. The rest of us went birding along the wadi near the hotel. We added Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius, Little and Cattle Egret, Western Olivaceous and Bonelli’s Warblers, White Stork, European Bee-eater and Woodchat Shrike.
After lunch we stopped at three sites on the way back down the Mountains, the first a road side lay-by produced African Blue Tit and Great Tit Parus major, Woodpigeon, Subalpine Warbler and Nightingale. The second stop was at an old concrete building with steps up onto the roof; Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes and European Robin Erithacus rubecula were both added to the trip list. A little further along the road we stopped for tea at the same site as we had seen the Levaillant’s Green Woodpecker on the way up, but without any luck this time. Our last stop of the day was at a co-operative shop which sold beauty products made from Argon nut extract. The rest of the journey was quiet and we got back to Marrakech in good time, a long but interesting journey.
We unfortunately had to say goodbye to some of our group at this point as they were not continuing the trip with us.
Day 12 - April 19th - Marrakech to Plage des Nations.
At the Barrage we were very quickly greeted by the local security presence and informed that the taking of photos was not allowed but other than that we were fine to continue birding. Little Swift Apus affinis, Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica Sand and Plain Martin Riparia paludicola were soon on the list along with Eurasian and Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni, Booted Eagle, Marsh Harrier, Spotless Starling and Moroccan White Wagtail.
We continued north to Rabat where the ladies again wished to see some of the cultural aspects of the city so we spent a very pleasant couple of hours around the King Mohammed V Mausoleum and the Kasbah. Whilst we were here we added Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo and Pallid Swift.
We then made our way via a very interesting route through a large Cork Oak forest to the coast and on to our Hotel Firdaoues Plage des Nation. It was in a very nice setting and it was a great pleasure to sit and watch the sunset over the sea.
Day 13 - April 20th - Plage des Nations to Asilah.
We had a fairly early start but before we left the hotel a single Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus was seen on the beach. We left early so that we could make it up to Moulay Bousselham and meet our guide Khalill who was going to take us out on a boat trip on the main Lagoon. I hoped that we would be able to see Marsh Owl Asio capensis during the time on the boat, but Khalill informed us that as the birds were breeding it was highly unlikely but we could visit a spot later where he knew an off duty male was roosting.
Once on the boat we started to pick up birds straight away. Audouin’s Ichthyaetyus audouinii and Yellow-legged Gulls along with Sandwich Terns Thalasseus sandvicensis were the first seen roosting on a sand bar. Further around the Lagoon the waders started to appear, large numbers of Grey Pluvialis squatarola, Kentish and Little Ringed Plovers, Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus, Black-winged Stilt, Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta, Common Redshank Tringa totanus, Whimbrel, Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres, Dunlin Calidris alpina and Curlew Sandpiper were out feeding on the low water mud flats. Little Sternula albifrons, Whiskered, Gull-billed and Caspian Terns Hydroprogne caspia were all feeding over the water and Greater Flamingo and Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia wading through it. Marsh and Montagu’s Harriers Circus pygargus, Black Kite, Black-headed Gull and Zitting Cisticola were also seen from the boat. Just as we approached the landing area a bird we thought we had missed showed up, 3 Slender-billed Gulls Chroicocephalus genei were feeding amongst some surface vegetation.
We then had lunch and headed around to the far side of the lagoon where we had what for me was the highlight of the trip a male Marsh Owl.
We returned the guide back to his home and headed up to Larache marshes but due to the extra trip around to see the owl we were later than we had hoped and could not do this site justice but what we did see of it was impressive. On the reed and vegetation covered pools we added Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata, Grey Ardea cinerea and Purple Herons Ardea purpurea, Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina, Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus, Savi’s Locustella luscinioides and Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon to the trip list. Also seen were a couple of dozen Squacco Herons, Common Coot, Mallard, Little and Cattle Egrets.
We then went to the Hotel Zelis in Asilah. Later we went out to eat in one of the local cafes on the edge of the Kasbah.
Today required an early start as we need to be on the 09:00 ferry from Tangier to Tarifa where Peter was waiting for us. On the way we saw Jackdaw Corvus monedula, White Stork and Collared Dove. Once at the ferry terminal we all said our goodbyes to Tarik our driver, sorter of lunches and good friend. The crossing was uneventful and Peter was there and waiting to zip us off to La Janda via Sierra de la Plata for the start of the Spanish birding. We were all quite hungry so as soon as we arrived at Bolonia below the Sierra we had some lunch in one of the beach side Restaurants, on a beach pool we picked up Sanderling, Common Sandpiper, Kentish Plover and White Wagtail. Spotless Starling and Stonechat Saxicola torquatus were both seen on the roof of the restaurant. The next stop was the caves on Sierra de la Plata, Crag Martin and Pallid Swifts were seen flying in to the caves and Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gypus fulvus was found on the cliffs and seen in flight. Other Birds seen included Shot-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus, Eurasian Kestrel, Jackdaw, Blue-rock Thrush and Woodchat Shrike.
On the vast agricultural areas at La Janda White Storks were common and several Ring-necked Pheasants Phasiannus colchicus were seen and on the large Irrigation Canal Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus, Purple Swamp-hen Porphyrio porphyrio, Common Moorhen, Mallard Anas plaryrhynchos and Greater Whitethroat were also noted. Out on the rice paddies Greenshank Tringa nebularia, Black-winged Stilt, Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus, Little Ringed Plover, Cattle and Little Egret were all found.
Then we made our way towards Ronda via Arcos de la Frontera picking up Montagu’s Harrier and Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa. We arrived at the El Molino del Puente hotel and were welcomed by Elaine and Ian. We had a very pleasant evening meal and relax.
Day 15 - April 22th - Ronda area.
After Breakfast we headed out to our first stop at Indiana on the road to Benaojan. Along the river Common Sandpiper, European Bee-eater, Serin, Nightingale and Cetti’s Warbler were all found. Distant views were had of a Bonelli’s Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus and Griffon Vultures were overhead. Our next stop was at the Caves of the Cat a little further along the same valley, where large numbers of Alpine Swifts Tachymarptis melba, Crag and House Martins could be seen flying in and out of the cave. Grey and White Wagtails were along the river, Winter Wren, Blackcap and Sardinian Warbler were all feeding in the surrounding fig trees and Red-billed Chough and Common Raven patrolled over the crags. Next we passed through the White villages of Benaojan and Montejaque, just through the latter was our next stop. We parked at the far end of a very narrow section of road through a broad gorge. Here we found Small Purple Orchid Orchis Olbiensis, Man Orchid Aceras anthropophorum, Red-billed Chough, Blue Rock Thrush and Griffon Vulture. We then moved on to a grassland area near the white village of Grazalema called La Rana. Here we found Sawfly Orchid Ophrys tenthredinifera, Lange’s Orchid Orchis langei, Yellow Bee Orchid Ophry Lutea and Sword-leaved Helleborine Cephalanthera longifolia. At La Rana European Bee-eaters, Southern Grey and Woodchat Shrikes, Serin, European Greenfinch and Crested larks were present along with Champagne Orchid Orchis Champagneuxii and it’s hybrid with Pink-butterfly Orchid Orchis papilionacea. Lunch was the taken in Grazalema in the main square. Later we drove up to the view point on the road between Grazalema and Zahara where we had good views of Griffon Vulture, Red-billed Chough and Rock Bunting Emberiza cia. Dull Bee Orchid Ophrys Fusca and Italian Man Orchid Orchis Italica were also at this site. We continued down towards the village of Zahara passing wonderful views of the lake in the valley. Once passed the village we stopped in a small Olive grove where Woodcock Orchid Ophrys Scolopax, Mirror Orchid Ophrys Speculum, Small-flowered Tongue Orchid Serapias parviflora and some well over with Giant Orchids Barlia robertiana were all located.
The late afternoon was spent in Ronda where Blue Rock Thrush and Lesser Kestrel were both seen in the Tajo. The ladies spent sometime in a couple of shops and we then made our way back to the hotel.
Day 16 - April 23th - Ronda to Malaga.
We got up and went for a walk in the hotel gardens which the owners had strimmed the day before. Here we saw European Goldfinch, Winter Wren, Cetti’s Warbler, Nightingale, Woodpigeon, Collared Dove, Pallid Swift, Woodchat Shrike and Serin. At 11:30 we picked Pieter up and made our way down to the Hotel Vincci Málaga, were we all said our goodbyes.
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae Common Quail Coturnix Coturnix
PODICEPIDIFORMES: Podicipedidae Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Great Egret Ardea alba Little Egret Egretta garzetta Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae White Stork Ciconia ciconia
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae Black Kite Milvus migrans Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata Booted Eagle Aquila pennata
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae Purple Gallinule Porphyrio porphyrio Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata Coot Fulica atra
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Common Redshank Tringa totanus Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Sanderling Calidris alba Little Stint Calidris minuta Dunlin Calidris alpina Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Audouin's Gull Ichthyaetyus audouinii Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Little Tern Sternula albifrons Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Black Tern Chlidonias niger Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae Rock Pigeon Columba livia Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Turtle-Dove Streptopelia turtur Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae Marsh Owl Asio capensis
APODIFORMES: Apodidae Common Swift Apus apus Pallid Swift Apus pallidus Little Swift Apus affinis Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus European Bee-eater Merops apiaster
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae Hoopoe Upupa epops
PICIFORMES: Picidae Wryneck Jynx torquilla Levaillant's Woodpecker Picus vaillantii
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae Jay Garrulus glandarius Magpie Pica pica Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus Jackdaw Corvus monedula Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis Common Raven Corvus corax
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cincture Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti Thick-billed Lark Ramphocoris clotbey Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla Crested Lark Galerida cristata Thekla Lark Galerida theklae Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae Plain Martin Riparia paludicola Sand Martin Riparia riparia Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica House Martin Delichon urbicum
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae Coal Tit Periparus ater Great Tit Parus major African Blue Tit Cyanistes teneriffae Blue Tit Parus caeruleus
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais opaca Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Whitethroat Sylvia communis Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca Robin Erithacus rubecula Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas galactotes Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri White-crowned Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens Red-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Stonechat Saxicola torquatus
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius Blackbird Turdus merula Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
PASSERIFORMES: Timaliidae Fulvous Babbler Turdoides fulva
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea White Wagtail Motacilla alba Moroccan White Wagtail Motacilla alba Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus Rock Bunting Emberiza cia Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana House Bunting Emberiza striolata Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Linnet Carduelis cannabina Serin Serinus serinus Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae House Sparrow Passer domesticus Desert Sparrow Passer simplex Rock Petronia Petronia petronia