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Birding Tour August 2009

Spekes-Weaver1In August 2009 Worldwide Birding Tours undertook its first birding tour to Kenya.
The Itinerary had been set-up in close collaboration with our ground-agent in Kenya and now the moment had arrived to experience if our high expectations would come true.
We started in Nairobi, going north to Mount Kenya and the Samburu National Reserve. Continuing with Lake Nakuru, to see the Famous Pink Coloured spectacle of the thousands of Lesser Flamingos.
Spending time to visit Lake Baringo and Lake Naivasha and finally ending with a 4 days stay in the Masai Mara to experience the migration of the Blue Wildebeest. Interested to read more about our experiences?

Tour Leader/Trip Report
: Pieter Verheij
Local Guide : Joseph Mwang

Day One – August 3rd - Arrival at Nairobi Airport – Fairview Hotel.

The group arrived in the evening of the 3rd all together at Nairobi airport. Unfortunately one of the suitcases was missing. The completion of all necessary formalities took some hours, and ...

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Tour Leader/Trip Report : Pieter Verheij
Local Guide : Joseph Mwang

Day One – August 3rd - Arrival at Nairobi Airport – Fairview Hotel.
The group arrived in the evening of the 3rd all together at Nairobi airport. Unfortunately one of the suitcases was missing. The completion of all necessary formalities took some hours, and when we finally arrived in our hotel (hotel Fairview in Nairobi) it was already after midnight.

Day Two – August 4th - Bird and Game watching in Nairobi National Park – Fairview Hotel.
After breakfast at a quite decent time we went to the Nairobi National Park at only 8 km from our hotel. The park is huge and very soon I realized that my concern to visit a nature reserve so close to a major city was unfounded. It turned out to be one of the quietest places we would visit during the trip. It is strange to see in the skyline the profile of Nairobi city and at the same time to enjoy a abundant bird and wildlife. The Nairobi National Park with highland forest, Acacia woodland, rocky escarpments, open grassland, large ponds and small streams is home to a wide variety of birds and mammals
grey-crowned-craneWe saw more than 70 different bird species, including White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher, African White-backed Vulture, Olive Thrush, Baglafecht Weaver, Grey Crowned Crane, Speckled Mousebird, Bronze Mannikin, Pin-tailed Whydah, Martial Eagle, Emerald-spotted Wood Dove, Stout Cisticola, Saddle-billed Stork, African Quail-Finch, Hartlaub's Bustard, Marabou Stork, Madagascar Scuacco Heron, and we also managed to see many mammals such as Nyala, Rothschild Giraffe, Chapman's Zebra, Buffalo, Red Hartebeest, Grant's Gazelle, and we also found the Black Rhinoceros.
Coming back to our hotel in Nairobi the missing suitcase had arrived.

Day Three – August 5th - Travel day to Mount Kenya (180km) – Serena Mountain Lodge.
Around 7 am we left Nairobi and headed for Mount Kenya. This day we had to travel around 180 km and having the whole day and a packed lunch we felt free to include some very interesting stops. little-beeeaterThe first stop we made was at Thika, where we had a walk around the local water purification plants. The big water basins and the insects attracted by the dirt water, almost guarantee interesting birds. We had Black-winged Lapwing, Crowned Plover, Hadada Ibis, Sacred Ibis, Glossy Ibis, Fawn-coloured Lark, Fisher's Lovebird, D'Arnaud's Barbet, Three-banded Plover, Speke's Weaver (f), White-browed Sparrow Weaver, Spur-winged Plover, Straw-tailed Whydah, Bronze Sunbird (f), When we left this place we also found, in the surrounding bushes, interesting birds such as Purple Grenadier, Little Bee-eater, African Dusky Flycatcher.

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Further on we had several stops and always finding interesting species like Red-billed Firefinch, Montane White-eye and the very elusive Hinde's Babbler. At around 18.00 we arrived at Serena Mountain Lodge. An interesting building, on the outside covered with green painted wooden panels, which makes this building almost disappear into the forest. The Lodge is located on the lower slopes of Mount Kenya , Africa’s second tallest mountain, and is an excellent place to locate many highland forest species. Looking from the windows down on a big water hole, where all kind of game and bird are coming for a drink. The hotel is applying a wake-up service when the animal of your dreams is showing up. You just need to fill in your special wish list. Really a great place to stay. We had elephants, buffalo, waterbuck, impala, warthok just observing the waterhole from our window. Unfortunately I did not get my wake-up call because that night the Leopard did not show up.

Day Four to Six – August 6th - 8th - Travel to Samburu National Park (150 km) – Samburu Serena Lodge.
After breakfast we gathered on the roof terrace to observe the birds in the adjoining forest. Many birds showed up and gave us a good start to the day. hindes-babblerWe had good views of Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon, Cape Wagtail, Yellow-fronted Canary, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Silvery-cheeked Hornbill and many others. At around 9.00 am we left the lodge, but just outside the entrance gate of the hotel we had our first stop because we found a group of Columbus Monkeys playing in a tree along the road. We stopped and also found White-starred Robin, White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher, African Harrier Hawk. During the time (a couple of hours) we were travelling through the forest we often had to stop for other interesting specie, and on stopping, everywhere around us we found new things. Indeed a very interesting part of the trip. We saw amongst many other species Tropical Boubou, Grey-capped Warbler, Singing Cisticola, Hunter's Cisticola, Ruppell's Robin-chat. Around mid morning we left the cool climate of Mount Kenya and travelled on through a landscape with a nice variety of grasslands and forests. We had our first encounter with the Augur Buzzard, which later on seemed to be a very common raptor. The last part of the road before arriving at the Samburu National Reserve was under construction and we did not see a lot because of the enormous dust clouds generated by oncoming traffic.
red-and-yellow-barbetAt lunchtime we passed the entrance gate of Samburu National Park and very soon after that we realized that Samburu indeed is one of the most exciting reserves in East Africa. The semi desert habitat and the rich woodlands along the Ewaso Nyiro River are teeming with wildlife and an almost overwhelming array of bird species. We needed to have our packed lunch in the car, because it is too dangerous to stay out too long because of Buffalo, Lion and other wild animals. We moved on slowly towards the Samburu Serena Lodge, stopping often to look at White-headed Buffalo Weaver, Northern White-crowned Shrike, Pygmy Falcon, White-bellied Go-away-bird, Vulturine Guineafowl, Helmeted Guineafowl, Tawny Eagle, White-bellied Bustard, Buff-crested Bustard, Black-faced Sandgrouse, Red-billed Hornbill, Secretary Bird, Yellow-necked Spurfowl, Red and Yellow Barbet. And also the number and variety of mammals is great. We found amongst others Beisa Oryx, Reedbuck, Cape Mountain Zebra, Reticulated Giraffe and also a group of Lions
We arrived after a sensational couple of hours at around 6.00 pm at the lodge.

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The lodge is very nice and walking around on the grounds one can enjoy many different birds. Although the rooms are not very big the excellent service and food makes this place worthwhile to stay.
We had two full days to go out for birding and game viewing. We left after breakfast at 7.00 am and came back for lunch around 12.00, and in the afternoon we left at 3.30 pm until 6.30 pm. Every time we took a different direction and every time we found different bird species. The most exciting ones for me were Crested Francolin, Spotted Morning-Thrush, Vitelline Masked Weaver, Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill, 3 different Mousebirds, Palm-nut Vulture, Eastern Chanting Goshawk, African Orange-bellied Parrot, Rosy-patched Bush-shrike, Somali Courser, Gabar Goshawk, Namaqua Dove, Kori Bustard, Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse. The nice thing in Samburu National Reserve is that the views are normally very good because the habitats are quite open. Although we saw many bird species during these two days there are normally even more. Parts of Kenya are suffering this year a period of draught and this has an important effect on bird and wildlife. Mammal life is also prolific and many species cannot be seen elsewhere on this tour. A small example of the many mammals we saw; Buffalo, Elephant, Olive Baboon, different Mongoose species, Dik dik, Red Hartebeest, Cheetah.

Day Seven - Eight – August 9th- 10th - Travel to Lake Nakuru National Park (280 km)– Sarova Lion Hill Lodge
We left after breakfast at around 7.00 am because this day we had to do quite a long distance and having in mind the first part of the road under construction, we did not want to lose too much time. cape-eagle-owlOn our way we passed a large rocky escarpment which is a favorite roosting spot for the Mackinder’s Eagle Owl. The problem for this Owl and Owls in general is that the local people believe that Owls bring bad luck. Thanks to the efforts of a small group of local people living in this region, the Mackinder’s Eagle Owl is more or less protected and that has been the reason that this specie does well in the region, with an actual population of 26 birds right now. One member of this group showed us the place where a pair is nesting and we were able to get excellent views of both the male and the female. Really a very good initiative. We had several other stops and arrived in the afternoon at Lake Nakuru National Park. From outside the gate you can see parts of the lake already and the views are spectacular. Huge numbers of Lesser Flamingos feed in the shallow alkaline water, everywhere where you look. Having seen this I can image why people call this the greatest birding spectacle on earth.
leopardWe went to the lodge to check in and around 4.00 pm we left the lodge again to get a closer look of the lake. There are several entrance points where you can drive to the waterfront. The hundred thousands of birds are almost not taking any notice of the curious visitors. You can stay there for hours to watch the spectacle. Big flocks of White Pelicans are flying in and landing just in front of you. One Greater Flamingo rises up high above the thousands of Lesser Flamingos. A Pied Kingfisher hovering above the water. The African Fish Eagle with the particular sound causing a lot of turmoil when it flies over. To many things to mention. Sarova Lion Hill Lodge is a very good place to stay.

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The grounds are producing many species and easy to see. The ambiance in the lodge is very nice with the evening performances of local groups, making African music. The next day we left after breakfast for birding and game drive and we did the same in the afternoon. Lake Nakuru National Park has much more to offer than just the “Flamingo Spectacle”. lesser-flamingo1Driving around in the Park produces many exiting birds such as Arrow-marked Babbler, African Thrush, Greater blue-eared Starling, Lilac-breasted Roller, African Spoonbill, Green Wood-hoopoe, African Hoopoe, Rattling Cisticola, Bearded Woodpecker, African Paradise Flycatcher, Red-throated Wryneck, Striped Kingfisher, Cliff Chat, Little Rockthrush, Scarlet-chested Sunbird. The Park is also very interesting for Mammals, you can see big herds of Buffalo, Impala, Rhinoceros, Rock Hyrax, Zebra and many more. In this place we had our first, and unfortunately for this trip, only Leopard. Taking a rest in the shade, lying in a big tree. Driving back in the afternoon along the road we found a group of 9 Lionesses almost hidden in the tall grasses. As the guide told us “Be careful to leave the car to have a …” It is clear that the draught had also its effect in this place, but it did not lose much of its attraction.

Day Nine - Ten – August 11th - 12th - Travel to Lake Baringo (125 km) – Lake Baringo Country Club
In the morning we went back to the waterfront of Lake Nakuru to enjoy again the spectacular views of the hundred thousands of Birds. This view will never get boring. malachite-kingfisherWe stayed in the park looking for new species, which we actually found in Spectacled Weaver, Red-cheeked Cordonblue, Southern Ground hornbill, Yellow Bishop, Kittlitz Plover, Pied Crow, Brown-crowned Tchagra, Hildebrandt's Francolin, African Crowned Eagle, and enjoyed another nice lunch in the Sarova Lion Hill Lodge. This day we were not in a hurry because in around two hours we can drive to Lake Baringo. After lunch we left this fantastic place and went to the north.
Lake Baringo is a fresh water lake. Here the combination of a large lake in semi-desert country and the nearby Baringo Cliffs provide the perfect habitat for a great diversity of bird life. On arrival the first thing that drew our attention was the fact that this place was much more quiet than the places we had visited so far. August is high season in Kenya and all the places we had visited so far were (almost) fully booked. eastern-yellow-billeThis place was our first stop without game. Lake Baringo is known for birding. Here you could clearly see that birders are only a very small part of Kenya´s visitors. Every time seeing a new beautiful bird we discussed in the group that we felt sorry for all those game watchers missing the best part of nature.
Lake Baringo Country Club is located on the waterfront of the Baringo Lake. The mature gardens are fantastic and produce many different bird species. The Lodge itself is acceptable but could not come up to our high standards. Unfortunately there are no really better alternatives.

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There has been opened a new lodge with luxury rooms not far away, but it will miss the charm of the mature gardens and being directly on the waterfront.
After checking in we had a walk in the gardens and found some great species: Bristle-crowned Starling, Speckled Pigeon, Black-headed Weaver, Northern Masked Weaver, African Scops Owl, Hamerkop. When we went back to our rooms just before dark we had a nice encounter with a Verreaux´s Eagle Owl.
The next morning we left early for a walk with a local guide of the Village who showed is some very interesting new species as Golden-backed Weaver, Slender-tailed Nightjar, Beautiful Sunbird, Black-throated Barbet, Madagascar Bee-eater, Spotted Eagle Owl (a pair), Spotted Thick-knee, Redfronted Warbler, Jackson's Hornbill. We walked through the village and in the Acacias towards the Baringo Cliffs. hueglins-courserBesides seeing new species, we also got a good impression of the daily life in a Kenyan village. This local guide brought us to several places where we found White-faced Scops Owl, Hueglin's Courser, Northern Grey Tit. It was interesting to see how the people in the village are collaborating to show us the places where those species could be found. In the afternoon we stayed on the grounds of the Lodge and were able to see Nubian Woodpecker, Woodland Kingfisher, Wattled Starling, African Mourning Dove, Lesser Honeyguide, Greater Honeyguide and many more. sitting on the lawn with his legs in a shallow hole filled with water. I never had a view that close of this fantastic specie. After sunset the Hippopotamus’ are leaving the water and coming to graze the lawns. This gives very good views of this animal but can also be very dangerous, because they are coming within ten meters of the rooms. There is a guardian to take care that nothing happens.

Day Eleven - Twelve – August 13th - 14th - Travel to Lake Naivasha (185 km) – Naivasha Country Club
Before Breakfast we left for a boat ride on the lake. There are several companies organizing boat tours, but we chose the organization from the local community, with the same local guide we had the day before for our morning walk.
african-fish-eagleThe boat-ride was superb with the absolute highlight an African Fish Eagle coming to pick out of the water a big fish we had bought from one of the local fisher-men before leaving . Besides this spectacular action of the Eagle we saw some other very good birds Goliath Heron, African Jacana, Senegal Thick-knee, Malachite Kingfisher, Black Crake and flying just over our heads the Giant Kingfisher.
Before we left the local guide wanted to show us the Black-headed Lapwing, a specie that we missed the day before. This time we had more luck and we found a pair in the semi-desert area not far from the lodge.
We decided to take a packed lunch and to leave for Lake Naivasha. We had some stops because our guide spotted a Silver-backed flycatcher and we wanted to buy some real African honey. We had seen so many bee-hives hanging up in the Acacia Trees that we really wanted to know more about that honey. With help of our guide we all bought some, giving one of the women a fantastic day. The honey has the real African taste and is very nice.

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Lake Naivasha was a disappointment. The drought in this part of Kenya had effected the water level which made it useless to have a boat ride. Around the lake there have been build in the last fifteen years many enormous Nurseries for cultivation of flowers (tulips) basically owned by Dutch and Italian Companies. purple-grenadierThese companies need a lot of water for their plants seriously effects the water level of the Lake. According to our Guide the birdlife always was very interesting but had dropped now to a very low level.
Lake Naivasha Country Club is part of the same group as Lake Baringo Country Club. The same tendency of decline in quality you could observe in this place too. Beautiful location with spectacular gardens, but general maintenance and service in decline.
Our guide came up with some interesting suggestions for birding the next day. We left after breakfast and visited some nice locations along the lake where we found several new species Great Cormorant, Schalow's Wheatear, Yellow-collared Lovebird, Abyssinian White-eye, Violet-backed Starling, Red-billed Firefinch, Red-headed Weaver, African Black-headed Oriole, Long-crested Eagle. A very good compensation for the lack of birds on the Lake Naivasha Country Club.

Day Thirteen - Sixteen – August 15th - 18th - Travel to Masai Mara (250 km) – 2 nights at Mara Serena Safari Lodge and 2 nights at Mara Sarova Tented Camp
We left after breakfast heading for the Masai Mara National Reserve. The Mara is the northern extension of the famous Serengeti Plains. Every year during July starts the migration of the hundred thousands of Wilde Beast from the Serengeti to the Mara region looking for food. martial-eagleThis gives spectacular views. Complimenting the wildlife is the dramatic scenery of endless grasslands, lush river valleys and steep rock strewn escarpments. The Mara is a very good area to see wildlife in big groups but also birdlife is abundant and very interesting. After entering one of the main gates we drove slowly on the tracks towards the Lodge, stopping to look at birds and game. We found Hildebrandt's Starling, Magpie Starling, Ruppell's Long-tailed Starling, Sooty Chat, Lappet-faced Vulture, African Wattled Lapwing, Crowned Lapwing, Bare-faced Go-away-bird
kori-bustardWe stayed the first two nights in Mara Serena Safari Lodge. Located on a hill overlooking the 1,800 square kilometers of rolling plains, woodlands and rivers that make up the Masai Mara Triangle - one of the world's richest wildlife sanctuaries. The lodge is really magic. From the rooms you can observe the movements of Wilde Beast in long endless rows. Their reaction on the sound of a roaring lion. Elephants just below your window. A special experience.
We did our daily game and birding drives in the (early) morning after breakfast and in the afternoon after a nice lunch and a moment to relax.

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Some highlights: We found one morning a male lion with one of his lionesses, having a good time, we found groups of Hyenas and had spectacular views of river crossings of thousands of Blue Wildebeest and Zebra.
Some of the many birds we saw: Ruppell's Griffon Vulture, Black-bellied Bustard, Yellow-throated Longclaw, Grey-capped Social-Weaver, Wooly-necked Stork, Yellow-billed Stork, Dark Chanting-Goshawk, Grey Kestrel, Brown Snake Eagle, Black-chested Snake Eagle, Cinnamon-breasted Rock Bunting.The last two nights we stayed in Mara Sarova Tented Camp. Again a nice place with a different atmosphere. We had one day left to visit the Masai Mara plains and we used that day well to find some species we wanted to see again, or we did not see before: We were finally lucky to find Black-lored Babbler, Rufous-crowned Roller, Bateleur (often seen but never sitting so close), Red-necked Spurfowl, White-browed Coucal, Red-rumped Swallow, Lesser Striped Swallow, Rufous-chested Swallow, Black-crowned Tchagra, Magpie Shrike, Rosy-breasted Longclaw.
Our last afternoon we stayed in the camp and made a walk in the afternoon. A nice surprise was the Giant Kingfisher waiting for us near a small pond and the Shikra sitting in a tree next to it.

Day Seventeen – August 19th - Back to Nairobi
This day we had to drive back to Nairobi. We had plans to have some stops, but after the first stop, where we had to run back to the car because of really heavy rain, we decided to drive strait back and take the afternoon off. We ended our trip with a fantastic meal offered by one of our guests. Our first trip had been a great success and has given us the information to make the next trip even better

Bird List

The species list below gives all the species we have seen during our trip. We have selected them in Family-groups and given the english as well as the latin names.
Ostriches – Struthionidae
1. Common Ostrich, Struthio camelus
2. Somali Ostrich, Struthio molybdophanes

Grebes - Podicipedidae
3. Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis

Cormorants - Phalacrocoracidae
4. Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
5. Long-tailed Cormorant, Phalacrocorax africanus

Darters – Anhingidae
6. African Darter, Anhinga rufa

Pelicans - Pelecanidae
7. Great White Pelican, Pelecanus onocrotalus
8. Pink-backed Pelican, Pelecanus rufescens

Herons, Egrets and Bitterns – Ardeidae
9. Black-crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
10. Squacco Heron, Ardeola ralloides
11. Squacco Heron, Ardeola idea
12. Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
13. Green-backed Heron, Butorides striata
14. Little Egret, Egretta garzetta Ardeidae
15. Yellow-billed Egret, Egretta intermedia
16. Great Egret, Egretta alba
17. Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea
18. Black-headed Heron, Ardea melanocephala
19. Goliath Heron, Ardea goliath,

Hamerkop – Scopidae
20. Hamerkop, Scopus umbretta

Storks – Ciconiidae
21. Yellow-billed Stork, Mycteria ibis
22. Woolly-necked Stork, Ciconia episcopus
23. Saddle-billed Stork, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
24. Marabou Stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus

Ibises and Spoonbills – Threskiornithidae
25. Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
26. Hadada Ibis, Bostrychia hagedash
27. Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis aethiopicus
28. African Spoonbill, Platalea alba

Flamingoes - Phoenicopteridae
29. Greater Flamingo, Phoenicopterus ruber
30. Lesser Flamingo, Phoeniconaias minor

Ducks and Geese – Anatidae
31. Fulvous Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna bicolor
32. White-faced Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna viduata
33. Egyptian Goose, Alopochen aegyptiaca
34. Cape Teal, Anas capensis
35. Yellow-billed Duck, Anas undulate
36. Red-billed Teal, Anas erythrorhyncha
37. Hottentot Teal, Anas hottentota
38. Southern Pochard, Netta erythrophthalma,

Vultures, Eagles, Hawks, Kites, Buzzards and Osprey - Accipitridae
39. Bat Hawk, Macheiramphus alcinus
40. Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus caeruleus
41. Black Kite, Milvus migrans
42. African Fish Eagle, Haliaeetus vocifer
43. Palm-nut Vulture, Gypohierax angolensis
44. Hooded Vulture, Necrosyrtes monachus
45. African White-backed Vulture, Gyps africanus
46. Rüppell's Griffon Vulture, Gyps rueppellii
47. Lappet-faced Vulture, Torgos tracheliotus
48. White-headed Vulture, Trigonoceps occipitalis
49. Black-chested Snake Eagle, Circaetus pectoralis
50. Brown Snake Eagle, Circaetus cinereus
51. Bateleur, Terathopius ecaudatus
52. African Harrier-Hawk, Polyboroides typus
53. Gabar Goshawk, Micronisus gabar
54. Dark Chanting Goshawk, Melierax metabates
55. Eastern Pale Chanting Goshawk, , Melierax poliopterus
56. Shikra, Accipiter badius
57. Mountain Buzzard, Buteo oreophilus
58. Augur Buzzard, Buteo augur
59. Tawny Eagle, Aquila rapax
60. African Hawk-Eagle, Hieraaetus spilogaster
61. Ayres' Hawk-Eagle, Hieraaetus ayresii
62. Long-crested Eagle, Lophaetus occipitalis
63. African Crowned Eagle, Stephanoaetus coronatus
64. Martial Eagle, Polemaetus bellicosus
Secretarybird - Sagittariidae
65. Secretary Bird, Sagittarius serpentarius

Falcons – Falconidae
66. Pygmy Falcon, Polihierax semitorquatus
67. Grey Kestrel, Falco ardosiaceus
68. Lanner Falcon, Falco biarmicus

Guineafowl – Numididae
69. Vulturine Guineafowl, Acryllium vulturinum
70. Helmeted Guineafowl, Numida meleagris,

Quail and Francolins – Phasianidae
71. Harlequin Quail, Coturnix delegorguei
72. Crested Francolin, Francolinus sephaena
73. Hildebrandt's Francolin, Francolinus hildebrandti
74. Red-necked Spurfowl, Francolinus afer
75. Yellow-necked Spurfowl, Francolinus leucoscepus

Rails, Coots and Gallinules - Rallidae
76. Black Crake, Amaurornis flavirostris
77. Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
78. Red-knobbed Coot, Fulica cristata

Cranes – Gruidas
79. Grey Crowned Crane, Balearica regulorum

Bustards – Otididae
80. Kori Bustard, Ardeotis kori
81. Crested Bustard, Eupodotis gindiana
82. White-bellied Bustard, Eupodotis senegalensis
83. Black-bellied Bustard, Eupodotis melanogaster
84. Hartlaub's Bustard, Eupodotis hartlaubii

Jacanas – Jacanidae
85. African Jacana, Actophilornis africanus

Avocets and Stilts – Recurvirostridae
86. Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus

Thick-knees – Burhinidae
87. Senegal Thick-knee, Burhinus senegalensis
88. Spotted Thick-knee, Burhinus capensis

Coursers and Pratincoles – Glareolidae
89. Somali Courser, Cursorius somalensis
90. Heuglin's Courser, Rhinoptilus cinctus

Plovers – Charadriidae
91. Kittlitz's Plover, Charadrius pecuarius
92. Three-banded Plover, Charadrius tricollaris
93. African Wattled Plover, Vanellus senegallus
94. Black-headed Plover, Vanellus tectus
95. Blacksmith Plover, Vanellus armatus
96. Black-winged Plover, Vanellus melanopterus
97. Crowned Plover, Vanellus coronatus
98. Long-toed Plover, crassirostris
99. Spur-winged Plover, Vanellus spinosus

Sandpipers, Phalaropes and Snipes – Scolopacidae
100. Little Stint, Calidris minuta
101. Ruff, Philomachus pugnax
102. Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus
103. Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
104. Common Greenshank, Tringa nebularia
105. Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus
106. Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola
107. Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos

Gulls – Laridae
108. Grey-headed Gull, Larus cirrocephalus
109. Black-headed Gull, Larus ridibundus
110. Gull-billed Tern, Sterna nilotica
111. Whiskered Tern, Chlidonias hybrid
112. White-winged Tern, Chlidonias leucopterus

Sandgrouse – Pteroclidae
113. Black-faced Sandgrouse, Pterocles decorates
114. Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse, Pterocles lichtensteinii

Pigeons and Doves – Columbidae
115. African Green Pigeon, Treron calvus
116. Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove, Turtur chalcospilos
117. Namaqua Dove, Oena capensis
118. Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon, Columba delegorguei
119. Speckled Pigeon, Columba guinea
120. Red-eyed Dove, Streptopelia semitorquata
121. African Mourning Dove, Streptopelia decipiens
122. Ring-necked Dove, Streptopelia capicola
123. Laughing Dove, Streptopelia senegalensis
Parrots and Lovebirds - Psittacidae
124. Brown Parrot, Poicephalus meyeri
125. African Orange-bellied Parrot, Poicephalus rufiventris
126. Red-headed Lovebird, Agapornis pullarius
127. Yellow-collared Lovebird,Feral and hybrids, Agapornis personatus
128. Fischer's Lovebird,Feral and hybrids, Agapornis fischeri

Turacos – Musophagidae
129. Bare-faced Go-away-bird, Corythaixoides personatus
130. White-bellied Go-away-bird, Corythaixoides leucogaster

Cuckoos and Coucals – Cuculidae
131. Black Cuckoo, Cuculus clamosus
132. Klaas' Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx klaas
133. Diederik Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx caprius
134. White-browed Coucal, Centropus superciliosus

Typical Owls - Strigidae
135. African Scops-Owl, Otus senegalensis
136. Northern White-faced Owl, Ptilopsis leucotis
137. Cape Eagle-Owl, Bubo capensis
138. Spotted Eagle-Owl, Bubo africanus
139. Verreaux's Eagle-Owl, Bubo lacteus

Nightjars – Caprimulgidae
140. Slender-tailed Nightjar, Caprimulgus clarus

Swifts – Apodidae
141. African Palm-Swift, Cypsiurus parvus
142. White-rumped Swift, Apus caffer
143. Little Swift, Apus affinis
144. Mottled Swift, Tachymarptis aequatorialis

Mousebirds - Coliidae
145. Blue-naped Mousebird, Urocolius macrourus
146. Speckled Mousebird, Colius striatus
147. White-headed Mousebird, Colius leucocephalus

Kingfishers – Alcedinidae
148. Grey-headed Kingfisher, Halcyon leucocephala
149. Woodland Kingfisher, Halcyon senegalensis
150. Striped Kingfisher, Halcyon chelicuti
151. African Pygmy Kingfisher, Ceyx pictus
152. Malachite Kingfisher, Alcedo cristata
153. Giant Kingfisher, Megaceryle maxima
154. Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis,

Bee-eaters – Meropidae
155. Blue-headed Bee-eater, Merops muelleri
156. Little Bee-eater, Merops pusillus
157. Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater, Merops oreobates
158. White-fronted Bee-eater, Merops bullockoides
159. Somali Bee-eater, Merops revoilii
160. White-fronted Bee-eater, Merops bullockoides
161. White-throated Bee-eater, Merops albicollis
162. Madagascar Bee-eater, Merops superciliosus,

Rollers - Coraciidae
163. Rufous-crowned Roller, Coracias naevius
164. Lilac-breasted Roller, Coracias caudatus

Wood-hoopoes and Scimitarbills - Phoeniculidae
165. Green Wood-hoopoe, Phoeniculus purpureus
166. Common Scimitarbill, Rhinopomastus cyanomelas
167. Abyssinian Scimitarbill, Rhinopomastus minor

Hoopoes - Upupidae
168. African Hoopoe, Upupa africana

Hornbills - Bucerotidae
169. Southern Ground Hornbill, Bucorvus leadbeateri
170. Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
171. Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill, Tockus flavirostris
172. Von der Decken's Hornbill, Tockus deckeni
173. Jackson's Hornbill, Tockus jacksoni
174. Hemprich's Hornbill, Tockus hemprichii
175. African Grey Hornbill, Tockus nasutus
176. Silvery-cheeked Hornbill, Bycanistes brevis,

Barbets and Tinkerbirds - Capitonidae
177. Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Pogoniulus bilineatus
178. Red-fronted Tinkerbird, Pogoniulus pusillus
179. Red-fronted Barbet, Tricholaema diademata
180. Spot-flanked Barbet, Tricholaema lachrymose
181. Black-throated Barbet, Tricholaema melanocephala
182. White-headed Barbet, Lybius leucocephalus
183. Red-and-yellow Barbet, Trachyphonus erythrocephalus
184. D'Arnaud's Barbet, Trachyphonus darnaudii,
Honeyguides - Indicatoridae
185. Greater Honeyguide, Indicator indicator
186. Lesser Honeyguide, Indicator minor

Wrynecks and Woodpeckers - Picidae
187. Red-throated Wryneck, Jynx ruficollis
188. Nubian Woodpecker, Campethera nubica
189. Cardinal Woodpecker, Dendropicos fuscescens
190. Bearded Woodpecker, Dendropicos namaquus
191. Grey Woodpecker, Dendropicos goertae

Larks - Alaudidae
192. Rufous-naped Lark, Mirafra Africana
193. Flappet Lark, Mirafra rufocinnamomea
194. Fawn-colored Lark, Mirafra africanoides
195. Pink-breasted Lark, Mirafra poecilosterna
196. Fischer's Sparrow-Lark, Eremopterix leucopareia

Swallows and Martins - Hirundinidae
197. Black Roughwing, Psalidoprocne holomelas
198. White-headed Saw-wing, Psalidoprocne albiceps
199. Plain Martin, Riparia paludicola
200. Banded Martin, Riparia cincta
201. Rufous-chested Swallow, Hirundo semirufa
202. Lesser Striped Swallow, Hirundo abyssinica
203. Red-rumped Swallow, Hirundo daurica
204. Rock Martin, Hirundo fuligula
205. Wire-tailed Swallow, Hirundo smithii
206. Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica

Pipits, Wagtails and Longclaws - Motacillidae
207. Mountain Wagtail, Motacilla clara
208. African Pied Wagtail, Motacilla aguimp
209. Grassland Pipit, Anthus cinnamomeus
210. Plain-backed Pipit, Anthus leucophrys
211. Yellow-throated Longclaw, Macronyx croceus
212. Rosy-breasted Longclaw, Macronyx ameliae

Cuckoo-shrikes - Campephagidae
213. Black Cuckoo-Shrike, Campephaga flava

Bulbuls - Pycnonotidae
214. Northern Brownbul, Phyllastrephus strepitans
215. Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus

Thrushes, Chats and relatives - Turdidae
216. White-starred Robin, Pogonocichla stellata
217. Cape Robin-Chat, Cossypha caffra
218. Rüppell's Robin-Chat, Cossypha semirufa
219. White-browed Robin-Chat, Cossypha heuglini
220. Spotted Morning Thrush, Cichladusa guttata
221. White-browed Scrub Robin, Cercotrichas leucophrys
222. Schalow's Wheatear, Oenanthe lugubris
223. Capped Wheatear, Oenanthe pileata
224. Brown-tailed Rock Chat, Cercomela scotocerca
225. Northern Anteater Chat, Myrmecocichla aethiops
226. Sooty Chat, Myrmecocichla nigra
227. White-shouldered Cliff Chat, Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris
228. Little Rock Thrush, Monticola rufocinereus
229. Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
230. African Thrush, Turdus pelios
Old World Warblers - Sylviidae
231. Greater Swamp Warbler, Acrocephalus rufescens
232. Buff-bellied Warbler, Phyllolais pulchella
233. Yellow-bellied Eremomela, Eremomela icteropygialis
234. Northern Crombec, Sylvietta brachyuran
235. Red-faced Crombec, Sylvietta whytii
236. Banded Parisoma, Parisoma boehmi
237. Singing Cisticola, Cisticola cantans
238. Hunter's Cisticola, Cisticola hunteri
239. Rattling Cisticola, Cisticola chiniana
240. Winding Cisticola, Cisticola galactotes
241. Stout Cisticola, Cisticola robustus
242. Croaking Cisticola, Cisticola natalensis
243. Desert Cisticola, Cisticola aridulus
244. Pectoral-patch Cisticola, Cisticola brunnescens
245. Tawny-flanked Prinia, Prinia subflava
246. Pale Prinia, Prinia somalica
247. Red-fronted Warbler, Urohipis rufifrons
248. Yellow-breasted Apalis, Apalis flavida
249. Buff-throated Apalis, Apalis rufogularis
250. Grey-backed Camaroptera, Camaroptera brachyuran
251. Grey Wren Warbler, Calamonastes simplex
252. Grey-capped Warbler, Eminia lepida,

Flycatchers - Muscicapidae
253. White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher, Melaenornis fischeri
254. Southern Black Flycatcher, Melaenornis pammelaina
255. Pale Flycatcher, Bradornis pallidus
256. African Grey Flycatcher, Bradornis microrhynchus
257. Silverbird, Empidornis semipartitus
258. African Dusky Flycatcher, Muscicapa adusta
259. African Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone viridis,

Batises and Wattle-eyes - Platysteiridae
260. Chin-spot Batis, Batis molitor
261. Pygmy Batis, Batis perkeo

Chatterers and Illadopses - Timaliidae
262. African Hill Babbler, Pseudoalcippe abyssinica
263. Brown Babbler, Turdoides plebejus
264. Arrow-marked Babbler, Turdoides jardineii
265. Black-lored Babbler, Turdoides sharpie
266. Hinde's Babbler, Turdoides hindei
267. Northern Pied Babbler, Turdoides hypoleucus
268. Rufous Chatterer, Turdoides rubiginosus

Tits - Paridae
269. Northern Grey Tit, Parus thruppi
270. White-bellied Tit, Parus albiventris

Penduline Tits - Remizidae - Anthoscopus musculus
271. Mouse-coloured Penduline Tit

Sunbirds - Nectariniidae
272. Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird, Anthreptes orientalis
273. Amethyst Sunbird, Chalcomitra amethystine
274. Scarlet-chested Sunbird, Chalcomitra senegalensis
275. Hunter's Sunbird, Chalcomitra hunter
276. Bronze Sunbird, Nectarinia kilimensis
277. Golden-winged Sunbird, Nectarinia reichenowi
278. Northern Double-collared Sunbird, Cinnyris reichenowi
279. Eastern Double-collared Sunbird, Cinnyris mediocris
280. Beautiful Sunbird, Cinnyris pulchella
281. Marico Sunbird, Cinnyris mariquensis
282. Tsavo Purple-banded Sunbird, Cinnyris tsavoensis
283. Variable Sunbird, Cinnyris venusta

White-eyes - Zosteropidae
284. Abyssinian White-eye, Zosterops abyssinicus
285. Montane White-eye, Zosterops poliogaster

Shrikes - Laniidae
286. Common Fiscal, Lanius collaris
287. Taita Fiscal, Lanius dorsalis
288. Long-tailed Fiscal, Lanius cabanisi
289. Grey-backed Fiscal, Lanius excubitoroides
290. Magpie Shrike, Urolestes melanoleucus
291. Northern White-crowned Shrike, Eurocephalus rueppelli
Bush-shrikes - Malaconotidae
292. Grey-headed Bush-Shrike, Malaconotus blanchoti
293. Grey-green Bush-shrike, Telophorus bocagei
294. Sulphur-breasted Bush-Shrike, Telophorus sulfureopectus
295. Rosy-patched Bush-shrike, Rhodophoneus cruentus
296. Brown-crowned Tchagra, Tchagra australis
297. Black-crowned Tchagra, Tchagra senegala
298. Northern Puffback, Dryoscopus gambensis
299. Slate-coloured Boubou, Laniarius funebris
300. Tropical Boubou, Laniarius aethiopicus
301. Brubru, Nilaus afer,

Helmet- Shrikes - Prionopidae
302. Grey-crested Helmet-Shrike, Prionops poliolophus

Orioles - Oriolidae
303. Montane Oriole, Oriolus percivali
304. Black-headed Oriole, Oriolus larvatus

Drongos - Dicruridae
305. Common Drongo, Dicrurus adsimilis

Crows, Ravens and Piapiac - Corvidae
306. Cape Rook, Corvus capensis
307. Pied Crow, Corvus albus
308. Fan-tailed Raven, Corvus rhipidurus

Starlings and Oxpeckers - Sturnidae
309. Bristle-crowned Starling, Onychognathus salvadorii
310. Greater Blue-eared Starling, Lamprotornis chalybaeus
311. Rüppell's Long-tailed Starling, Lamprotornis purpuropterus
312. Golden-breasted Starling, Lamprotornis regius
313. Hildebrandt's Starling, Lamprotornis hildebrandti
314. Superb Starling, Lamprotornis superbus
315. Fischer's Starling, Spreo fischeri
316. Magpie Starling, Speculipastor bicolor
317. Violet-backed Starling, Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
318. Wattled Starling, Creatophora cinerea
319. Yellow-billed Oxpecker, Buphagus africanus
320. Red-billed Oxpecker, Buphagus erythrorhynchus

Sparrows and Petronias - Passeridae
321. House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
322. Rufous Sparrow, Passer rufocinctus
323. Grey-headed Sparrow, Passer griseus
324. Chestnut Sparrow, Passer eminibey
325. Yellow-spotted Petronia, Petronia pyrgita,

Weavers - Ploceidae
326. White-billed Buffalo-Weaver, Bubalornis albirostris
327. Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver, Bubalornis niger
328. White-headed Buffalo-Weaver, Dinemellia dinemelli
329. Speckle-fronted Weaver, Sporopipes frontalis
330. White-browed Sparrow-Weaver, Plocepasser mahali
331. Donaldson-Smith's Sparrow-Weaver, Plocepasser donaldsoni
332. Grey-capped Social-Weaver, Pseudonigrita arnaudi
333. Black-capped Social-Weaver, Pseudonigrita cabanisi
334. Baglafecht Weaver, Ploceus baglafecht
335. Little Weaver, Ploceus luteolus
336. Spectacled Weaver, Ploceus ocularis
337. Holub's Golden-Weaver, Ploceus xanthops
338. Northern Masked Weaver, Ploceus taeniopterus
339. Lesser Masked Weaver, Ploceus intermedius
340. Vitelline Masked Weaver, Ploceus velatus
341. Speke's Weaver, Ploceus spekei
342. Village Weaver, Ploceus cucullatus
343. Jackson's Golden-backed Weaver, Ploceus jacksoni
344. Chestnut Weaver, Ploceus rubiginosus
345. Red-headed Weaver, Anaplectes rubriceps
346. Red-billed Quelea, Quelea quelea
347. Yellow-crowned Bishop, Euplectes afer
348. Black Bishop, Euplectes gierowii
349. Yellow Bishop, Euplectes capensis
350. White-winged Widowbird, Euplectes albonotatus
351. Red-collared Widowbird, Euplectes ardens
352. Grosbeak Weaver, Amblyospiza albifrons
Waxbills - Estrildidae
353. Green-winged Pytilia, Pytilia melba
354. Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala
355. Crimson-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda rhodopyga
356. Common Waxbill, Estrilda astrild
357. Black-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda charmosyna
358. Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus bengalus
359. Blue-capped Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus cyanocephalus
360. Purple Grenadier, Uraeginthus ianthinogaster
361. Quail-finch, Ortygospiza atricollis
362. Bronze Mannikin, Lonchura cucullata
363. Cut-throat Finch, Amadina fasciata

Whydahs and Indigobirds - Viudidae
364. Pin-tailed Whydah, Vidua macroura

Seedeaters and Canaries - Fringillidae
365. African Citril, Serinus citrinelloides
366. Yellow-rumped Seedeater, Serinus reichenowi
367. Yellow-fronted Canary, Serinus mozambicus
368. White-bellied Canary, Serinus dorsostriatus
369. Brimstone Canary, Serinus sulphuratus
370. Streaky Seedeater, Serinus striolatus

Old-World Buntings - Emberizidae
371. Cinnamon-breasted Rock Bunting, Emberiza tahapisi
372. Somali Golden-breasted Bunting, Emberiza poliopleura
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